Definition: it is a surfactant that modifies the artificial tension between two surfaces.
Simplified diagram of a surfactant
he tail is hydrophobic
Hydrophilous: absorbent that likes and / or absorbs water
Hydrophobic: absorbent that the water does not wet
As you see this one ingredient that allows to mix two components such as water and a fat.
It must be understood that it is an important component for any manufacture of a solution, it is impossible to mix two bodies with a different viscosity without the intervention of a surfactant.
There are four types of compounds:
● anionic surfactants
● cationic surfactants
● amphoteric surfactants
● nonionic surfactants
The ideal for some products is the nonionic surfactants, it can adapt in any environment.
The advantage is an inexpensive and renewable raw material, it is biodegradable it is a molecule that does not exhibit toxicity or irritancyIn addition to the surfactant has a role in the solution in addition to creating bridges between two different compounds.
The surfactant can have a detergent action that is to say it picks up dirt, an emulsifying action (a rinsing action is necessary) then there is the action of creating a bubble around the dirt (rinsing action is necessary)
Conclusion, the surfactant has its place in the manufactured solution and the article shows the importance of the surfactant.
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